Population Policy Adjustment and Family Childbearing Willingness in China, Japan and Korea
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Abstract: Population issues play an important role in the economic, social and cultural development of all countries and the world. At present, the aging problem in China, Japan and South Korea is obvious. By adjusting the population policy, if people of childbearing age actively respond to politics, it will help release a new round of "demographic dividend", which will lead to problems such as employment difficulties for the younger generation, which are difficult to solve and difficult to reverse. This article studies the population policy adjustments of China, Japan and South Korea and the family's willingness to bear children. First, the literature research method is used to analyze the population policy adjustment problems and the population policy-related recommendations. Then, the questionnaire survey is used to investigate the childbirth willingness of college students in China, Japan and South Korea. The analysis of the results provides a theoretical basis for the adjustment of population policy. The survey results show that 40% of college students who want to have two children are men and women, three or more accounted for 1%, the group with DINK thinking accounted for 22%, and the sample group who wanted to have one child accounted for 34%. Among them, 22% of college students are willing to DINK family mode. In combination, some students indicate that they want to work harder for work, and want to give priority to economic or work issues.
Keywords: Population Policy, Policy Adjustment, Family Fertility, Willingness Research